The Rhondda Valleys
..............we know the price of coal
Rhondda Valleys Information and HistoryRhondda Valleys Collieries (Coal Mines) in the order that they opened.
By the early 1860's only 4,000 people lived in what we know today as the Rhondda Valley. Even that figure was far in excess of what it had been when the area was known only as Ystradyfodwg. There were by 1860 at least 13 deep mines, and many 'levels'. A level was where a mine was cut into the side of a mountain e.g. and mined horizontally, as opposed to a deep mine, where the miners would descend a shaft. At that time apart from the scattered farms, the only housing existed in those parts of Ystradyfodwg (later named the Rhondda) were where the coal mines had been sunk.
This list will give you some idea of where the men and boys of the Rhondda might have worked. It did not necessarily follow that if you e.g. lived in Ynyshir you worked down an Ynyshir colliery. Many men and boys from Ynyshir in fact worked down the National Colliery in Wattstown. I would be thrilled to receive photographs of Rhondda Collieries (indeed old photographs of anything / anyone in the Rhondda; - please email them here.
Chronological List of Rhondda Collieries:-
Some of the closure dates may seem a little misleading, as even though coal was not mined directly from some of the mines listed as closed, coal was still mined via underground links to mines that remained open. A prime example of this being the Lewis Merthyr (Bertie and Trefor), which continued to be mined from the Ty Mawr colliery just down the road in Hopkinstown. Other mines remained open for other reasons, but produced no coal.
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