The Rhondda Valleys

..............we know the price of coal

 

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Rhondda Valleys Information and History

Rhondda Valleys Collieries (Coal Mines) in the order that they opened.

By the early 1860's only 4,000 people lived in what we know today as the Rhondda Valley. Even that figure was far in excess of what it had been when the area was known only as Ystradyfodwg. There were by 1860 at least 13 deep mines, and many 'levels'. A level was where a mine was cut into the side of a mountain e.g. and mined horizontally, as opposed to a deep mine, where the miners would descend a shaft. At that time apart from the scattered farms, the only housing existed in those parts of Ystradyfodwg (later named the Rhondda) were where the coal mines had been sunk.

This list will give you some idea of where the men and boys of the Rhondda might have worked. It did not necessarily follow that if you e.g. lived in Ynyshir you worked down an Ynyshir colliery. Many men and boys from Ynyshir in fact worked down the National Colliery in Wattstown. I would be thrilled to receive photographs of Rhondda Collieries (indeed old photographs of anything / anyone in the Rhondda; - please email them here.

 

Chronological List of Rhondda Collieries:-

Colliery Name
Location
Opened
Closed
Dinas Middle
Dinas
1832
1893
Ynyshir / Jones Navigational
Ynyshir
1845
1909
Cymmer Colliery
Porth
1847
1940
Ty Mawr
Hopkinstown
1848
1983
Hafod No 1
Trehafod
1850
1933
Hafod No 2
Trehafod
1850
1930
Coedcae
Trehafod
1850
1929
Llwyncelyn
Porth
1851
1895
Gyfeillion / Great Western
Hopkinstown
1851
1983
Tynewydd
Porth
1852
1901
Tylecoch
Treorchy
1854
1895
Bute
Treherbert
1855
1926
Pentre
Ystrad
1857
1929
Pontygwaith / Cynllwyn Du / No 8
Tylorstown
1858
1935
Ynysfaio
Teherbert
1859
1947
Glamorgan / Scotch Colliery
Llwynypia
1862
1945
Ferndale No 1
Blaenllechau
1862
1959
Abergorki
Treorchy
1863
1938
Bodringallt / Ferndale No 4
Ystrad
1864
1959
Tydraw
Treherbert
1865
1959
Maindy
Ton Pentre
1866
1948
Dare
Cwmparc
1866
1966
Parc
Cwmparc
1866
1966
Tynewydd
Treherbert
1866
1911
Fernhill No 1
Blaenrhondda
1869
1966
Fernhill No 2
Blaenrhondda
1869
1966
Blaenrhondda
Blaenrhondda
1869
1978
Ferndale No 2
Ferndale
1870
1930's
Cambrian No 1
Clydach Vale
1872
1966
Fernhill No 3
Blaenrhondda
1872
1966
Fernhill No 4
Blaenrhondda
1872
1966
Fernhill No 5
Blaenrhondda
1872
1978
Penrhys No 6
Tylorstown
1872
1936
Penrhys No 7
Tylorstown
1872
1936
Blaenclydach / Gorki Drift
Clydach Vale
1875
1947
Cambrian No 2
Clydach Vale
1875
1966
Maerdy No 1
Maerdy
1875
1932
Maerdy No 1
Maerdy
1875
1932
Tynybedw
Pentre
1876
1933
Ferndale No 4
Ferndale
1876
1930's
Gelli
Pentre
1877
1962
Lady Margaret
Treherbert
1877
1909
Standard No 1
Ynyshir
1877
1947
Eastern Colliery
Gelli
1877
1937
Standard No 2
Ynyshir
1878
1947
Naval
Penygraig
1879
1958
Bertie / Lewis Merthyr
Trehafod
1880
1958
Pwll Mawr / Cwtch / National
Wattstown
1881
1968
Trefor / Lewis Merthyr
Trehafod
1881
1958
Cambrian No 3
Clydach Vale
1889
1966
Ferndale No 5
Blaenllechau
1889
1959
Ely
Penygraig
1892
1928
Ely
Penygraig
1892
1958
Nantgwyn
Tonypandy
1892
1958
Maerdy No 3
Maerdy
1893
1940
Penrhys No 9
Tylorstown
1901
1960
Lady Lewis
Ynyshir
1904
1926
Anthony
Tonypandy
1910
1952
Glenrhondda No 1
Blaencwm
1911
1966
Maerdy No 4
Maerdy
1914
1940
Glenrhondda No 2
Blaencwm
1921
1966
Maerdy No 3 reopened
Maerdy
1948
1990
Maerdy No 4 reopened
Maerdy
1948
1990

Some of the closure dates may seem a little misleading, as even though coal was not mined directly from some of the mines listed as closed, coal was still mined via underground links to mines that remained open. A prime example of this being the Lewis Merthyr (Bertie and Trefor), which continued to be mined from the Ty Mawr colliery just down the road in Hopkinstown. Other mines remained open for other reasons, but produced no coal.



If you have any old Rhondda family photos or pictures of the towns and villages please scan them in at least 1280 pixels width and email them here.

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